Cheshire’s 1941 Norfolk rescue: the untold story of Halifax bomber L9524

The night of Friday 10th October 1941

Sleeping residents of Tacolneston, South Norfolk, were unaware of history about to be made on their doorstep, or more accurately in their farm fields.

The same night five Halifax bombers of 35 Squadron took off from RAF Linton on Ouse in Yorkshire to deliver an attack on Krupps’ Armament Works at Essen. Three planes managed to drop their bombs on or about the target area despite bad visibility. Of the other two, one had to abandon the task and return to base. The flight engineer of the remaining Halifax was Sgt Dennis Hunt who wrote about the event in his memoirs.

Image One Halifax and crew (002)

Halifax and crew. A later photograph than the event described, c. December 1941. Three of the crewmen pictured were part of the crew landing in Tacolneston Great Field. Sgt Dennis Hunt is second from right, Sgt Henry the navigator is on the far left and Sgt Lowe, the tail gunner, is thought to be the man third from left.

One of the engines caused problems from the beginning as it stuck on rich mixture, emitting long exhaust flames visible to German night fighters and using large quantities of precious fuel.

Dennis writes:

Anti aircraft fire was particularly heavy over the Ruhr that night and we took a lot of shrapnel damage.  After our bombing run we found that we could not close the bomb doors and concluded that our hydraulic mechanism in the bomb bay had sustained some damage …….. and it was doubtful we had enough fuel to get us home.”  

Aiming for the English coast they suddenly found themselves flying over a large bay which the navigator decided was the Wash. They made a distress call and runway lights below switched on. Circling to land Dennis released the undercarriage lock in preparation and suddenly one of the wheels dropped and stuck in the down position. After this first shock the pilot spotted a bridge and realised they were flying over the Zuider Zee and aiming for an enemy airfield.

It is hardly surprising that Dennis continues:

We were now in an awful dilemma; with bomb doors open and undercarriage down the aircraft was just wallowing along. We were already down to 3000 feet and could not climb away, furthermore we were so low on fuel that it was touch and go whether we could reach the English coast.  As we set course for the nearest spot in England the airfield lights went out and we flew through a barrage of enemy gunfire.  Miraculously we were not hit directly but we did take a lot of flak fragments.”  

On captain’s orders Dennis crawled under seats in mid fuselage to change the fuel tank levers as soon as he heard an engine start to cut, all the time the plane losing height as it headed towards the Norfolk coast. Wireless contact was lost so the pilot had neither means of communication nor any accurate indication of their location. It was a misty morning and they were relying on finding a landing location suitable for the Halifax.

Image TWO North Sea showing take off target and landing places (002)

North Sea showing takeoff, target and landing locations.

Landing in Tacolneston Friday 11th October 1941 

The crew were ordered to adopt crash positions, which meant sitting on the floor in the fuselage with backs against some solid support. They felt the initial bump as the aircraft struck the ground but then were flung about as it careered on over very uneven ground and were waiting for the final crash as they hit a tree – but the crash never came.  After much banging and bumping the plane slowed and came to a stop. Dennis opened the rear hatch, looked out and reports “what did I see  –  cabbages!”

A policeman on a bicycle, the local farmer and a growing crowd of villagers started to appear, despite the early hour. The farmer was Walter Spratt who lived at St Mary’s farm, Tacolneston, bringing a welcome bottle of brandy but not so pleased about the amount of damage done to his fields, crops and hedges.

Eyewitnesses and the arrival of Leonard Cheshire

Six local girls and boys, now in their 80s and 90s, remember the day well and vividly describe their part in the event.  Much later they learned that the pilot who arrived from RAF Coltishall and flew the Halifax safely back to its Yorkshire base was none other than Flight Lieutenant Leonard Cheshire, the man later to become Group Captain and eventually Baron Cheshire VC, OM, DSO  & Two Bars, DFC.

Kerry Ludkin, then aged 10, lived at Hill Farm, Forncett St Mary and describes the takeoff:

“The engines roared into life and the replacement pilot moved the aircraft over the border, turned it round and down the two fields to the side of the road, turning it round again.  A terrific roar ensued as the engines gathered power and once the brake was released the aircraft began to roll forward and rose into full flight, gathering height, circled around in a complete turn, returning over us waving its wings as a farewell gesture.

Biographies of Leonard Cheshire by Andrew Boyle and Richard Morris refer to the incident without identifying an exact location or date. Ministry of Defence records cite the landing of L9524 at Long Stratton. Thanks to Dennis and eye witnesses we now know it was Tacolneston Great Field that briefly played host to the World War Two bomber legend, pilot in the ‘dambusters’ 617 Squadron and later a significant philanthropist, now known widely as the founder of Leonard Cheshire Disability.  

Dennis Hunt dies, 2011

Eventually promoted to Flight Lieutenant, Dennis Hunt left the RAF in Feb 1946.  He wrote his memoirs mainly from memory from 1997/1998 until 2000 or 2001 when he was 80/81 years old. Dennis Hunt died in Derby on 11th July 2011, aged 91. He had other hair-raising adventures with Leonard Cheshire but never revisited Tacolneston Great Field. Until the Norfolk chapter of his memoirs came to light this event, although recorded on various RAF official forms, had never previously been investigated.

Acknowledgements and thanks

Dennis was the father of my friend Denise and, after her death two years ago, her husband Chris found his memoirs and asked me to locate the Norfolk landing. Thank you Chris.  Thanks also to the EDP library and letters page for helping me identify those I have been privileged to talk to who remember the day 75 years ago. A very special thanks to those I cannot thank in person: the crew of Halifax L9524 (V) No. 35 Squadron October 10/11 1941.

This week’s blog post has been written by Anne Wells. The full copy of her article ‘Cheshire’s 1941 Norfolk rescue: the untold story of Halifax bomber L9524’ will be available in the Norfolk Record Office reference library shortly.

This entry was posted in NRO Research Bloggers, Snapshots from the Archive and tagged , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s